Category Archives: Healthcare

runner having pain in the knee

How to Care for a Loved One with Osteoarthritis of the Knee

runner having pain in the kneeOne of the hardest conditions to live with is severe knee osteoarthritis as it makes it difficult for the patient to do daily activities like climbing stairs or sitting down. What is worse is that there is a 45% lifetime risk of developing knee osteoarthritis. If your loved one or someone you know is currently living with severe knee osteoarthritis, you can do something to help them cope with the condition. It may be challenging on your part, but your patience and unending support can go a long way to help them live a somehow normal life despite the chronic pain.

Completely understand their condition

The first thing you have to do is to understand their condition. Someone with severe knee osteoarthritis finds it hard to walk, stand too long, and navigate stairs. It’s also challenging to sit and get back up from a chair. Understanding their limitations will help you become proactive and plan ahead on how you can help them.

Know when to help and when to stand back

According to Brett Sears, a physical therapist, most people with arthritis want to remain as independent as possible. It’s tempting to help out with tasks like walking, going to bed, or reaching for a glass in the cupboard, but you also have to give your loved one the chance to as functionally independent as possible. Don’t be worried that they might hurt themselves because they will ask for assistance when they need it.

Assist with daily exercise

woman assisting an old lady in exercisingIt’s scientifically proven that arthritic patients who exercise have less pain, so getting daily exercise is crucial for your loved ones. In contrast to the fear of many that exercise will worsen knee pain and stiffness, exercise is actually the most effective non-drug treatment for reducing arthritic pain. Before you help your loved one with any exercise, make sure that you have the go signal from their doctor. Physical therapists will also suggest exercise regimens. The main challenge for you here is to encourage your loved one to keep exercising despite the pain they feel. Keep assuring them that it will help in the long term and gently assist throughout the exercise.

Provide them with lift chairs

Sitting down and getting back up is particularly hard for patients with knee arthritis. One device that can help is a lift chair. A lift chair is a motorized device that helps lower a person into a seated position or boost into a standing position. This way, sitting and getting up won’t be as hard for your loved one. There are many vendors selling lift chairs in Utah, but be sure to look for ones that offer high-quality lift chairs, like those may show you. You should also look if your loved one’s lift chair is eligible to be covered by Medicare.

Despite the challenges that may come with assisting a knee osteoarthritic patient, the fact that you’re reading this means that you care enough to be there for your loved one. With patience, understanding, and the right knowledge, you can help nurse your loved one back to health.

Exploring the Cognitive Effects of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Brain Injury

There are two categories of brain injuries: traumatic and non-traumatic. Non-traumatic brain injury generally happens in medical malpractice cases where the wrong medication or treatment is administered.

Claims for traumatic brain injuries are the most common in personal injury cases. These injuries commonly follow crashes and falls but also happen even in seemingly minor trauma. Unfortunately, the effects of traumatic brain injury might not be immediately evident.

Getting compensated for an injury caused by someone else’s fault without the expertise of a brain injury attorney in Los Angeles is not easy. This is because in most cases, your claim might be time-barred. Most states have a one- or two-year time limit for the filing of any personal injury case. This is meant to minimize malicious claims and preserve the evidence of your injury.

When injured in any manner after someone’s negligence, there are different cognitive effects which might be evident over time. Should you notice any of them, you should get medical help and start legal proceedings. The following are some of these cognitive effects of brain injury:

Memory Issues


Issues with your working and short term memory are common after traumatic brain injury and will resolve in most people after a short period. In a few cases, however, the affected individual will have to re-learn some of the skills he/she could comfortably handle since the brain is damaged and needs to re-organize new information. Even if you experience even the slightest change in your memory, however, you should get medical and legal assistance.

Language Loss

This is medically called aphasia. It is manifested as the complete loss of expressive and indicative language. Language loss comes in different levels of severity depending on the affected part of your brain. In most cases, language loss is highly frustrating for both the patient and loved ones and requires constant repetition of words and phrases to re-master.

Impaired Visual Perception Skills

Visual perception skills center on the making of sense from ordinary shapes and pictures. Though some people might retain their hand control and vision, they might only be able to see from the right or left side of their field of view. Impaired visual perception skills will significantly affect the safety of the person since they can only see one side of their plates, the roads, and other elements.

Reduced Information Processing

After an injury to the brain, it might be a challenge for someone to process information. As such, they will generally have an ‘information overload.’ Because of the reduced processing of information in the affected person’s brain, most people will be constantly angry and frustrated.

Some people might ignore the above-mentioned cognitive effects of a brain injury. They might assume that with time, their symptoms will resolve themselves. Unfortunately, by the time they take notice and seek medical attention, their symptoms may have significantly affected other body systems.

As such, there is very little that can be done to improve their quality of life. Irrespective of your evident level of injury, always get medical attention after any injuries caused by someone’s negligence. Moreover, contact a personal injury lawyer to get your case started and guarantees yourself to get fairly compensated.

The Most Lucrative Nursing Specializations You Should Consider

Nursing is considered by many to be a highly lucrative profession that offers many opportunities to learn and earn. Here’s a look at the best paying nursing specialisations for your consideration.

Nursing has been a trendy career option for many years, with many other professionals even opting to go back to school to get into this field. If you’re looking for the best jobs that are available for you as nurses, then this guide is for you. It covers everything from anaesthetists to disability support service providers in cities like Sydney. Apart from covering what the work entails, there’s also a look at how much you can expect to earn.


Anaesthesia is a critical component of any surgical procedure. Apart from needing to meet the demands of pain management, CRNAs (Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists) also need to be careful in specifying the dosage considering the patient’s critical parameters. As this can mean the difference between life and death, it is a highly specialised job not offered to just anyone. The payoff makes it all worth it however and you can expect to make upwards of 130,000 dollars annually.

General Practice

As an alternative—and at the opposite end of the spectrum—you have general nursing practitioners. These are the ones that you see milling about the office, catering to the many different needs in the primary care setting. While the income potential isn’t too high and hovers around a respectable 95,000 dollars annually, it does offer the greatest potential to learn and expand into other more lucrative specialisations that do pay more.

Disability Support

Those who opt to work in the field of disability support are those nurses that specialise in the field of orthopaedics. These constitute the vast majority of those who offer premium disability support services in Sydney. The pay scale tends to vary depending on the specific needs of a particular patient, but the average pay of people in this field is around 100,000 dollars. There are a lot of patients in need of this specialised type of support, including young patients, injured patients, senior folks and those who are infirm.

Gerontological Care

Gerontological Care Nurse

Speaking of the older subset of patients, they have specialised needs and care that require a highly skilled and caring registered nurse. If you prefer providing day to day and critical care to the elderly, this is the perfect speciality for you. There are even prospects to earn more as a private nurse, given the bonds that tend to form between competent caregivers and their patients. The base pay that nurses in this field can expect is around 95,000 dollars.

Psychiatric Care

If mental health issues are more your forte, then you might want to consider this specialisation. Other than the consistent administration of critical medicines and proper dosages to mental health patients, you also have the responsibility of counselling and providing comfort to those people. While not earning as much as nurses in other fields as the pay is around 90,000 dollars, many have reported greater feelings of fulfilment and satisfaction in this field.

Being a nurse isn’t merely about being a nurse. There are so many specialisations to explore and discover that offer a wide range of pay margins and the opportunity to grow in the career. The best way is first to figure out what you’re most passionate about. It will guide you to the best specialisation to go for.

Join the Smile Revolution with the Cosmetic Dentist in Harley Street

A smiling female patient after a dental procedureSomething is happening to smiles all over the media. They are getting brighter, straighter and more refined. What many people don’t realise is that smile revolutions are not only accessible for the rich and famous. They are accessible to anyone who visits the cosmetic dentist in Harley Street. There is a wider range of treatments available for those who want to recreate the celebrity and Instagram look.

A sound knowledge of aesthetic principles is one of the primary skills offered by a cosmetic dentist in Harley Street. It often takes more than simply fixing an issue that stands out to create a balanced smile. A comprehensive treatment plan might involve more than one procedure if the patient is looking for a compete smile makeover at Harley Street Dental Clinic.

The consultation

For most people, the starting point for a journey with the cosmetic dentist in Harley Street is a consultation. An exception to this might be if the patient is already a frequent visitor to the practice. In this case, the dentist may already have a sound knowledge of their teeth, so they can make instant recommendations.

The consultation involves a physical exam as well as an in-depth conversation about the patient’s needs and expectations. The cosmetic dentist will combine all of this to create the treatment plan for approval. They can also consider time limitations and any budget concerns.

The treatment plan

A treatment plan will order the required procedures so that they make the most clinical sense.

For example, if someone wants to have a straight, bright smile, it makes more sense for them to have their teeth realigned first and then a teeth whitening applied afterwards.

Someone may want to repair chips or cracks and get a whitening to show off their smile. In this case, they would need to have the veneers fitted after the whitening as the shade of veneers is not affected by whitening, so they would need to be matched to the level of brightness that the patient intends to maintain.

All of this is discussed with the patient and the plan is fully approved before any appointments are made.

Join the Crowds

dental treatmentIt was back in the 1980s that Austrians and Germans first discovered that, if they nipped over the border to Budapest, they could save a fortune on dental treatment. Now Budapest dental treatment is such a big crowd-puller that around 65,000 people a year are coming to the city for short breaks.

The main aim of their stay is Budapest dental treatment with one of the many thousands of dental clinics such as Access Smile. But, they are also taking advantage of their visits to the Budapest dentist to also fit in some sightseeing in this beautiful old city. And if people who are having dental implants fitted in Budapest are saving thousands of pounds or Euros on their treatment, it seems only fair to blow a few hundred on getting to know a city they would probably not have on their list of destinations otherwise.

Why is Budapest dental treatment so much cheaper?

Well, it’s certainly not because it is of a lower standard than in the UK or Ireland. In fact, Hungarian trained dentists are some of the best in the world and they work in world-class facilities too. No, the reason is much simpler than that. It’s because the cost of living in Hungary is a lot lower than back home for dental tourists. Dental treatment is not cheap for Hungarians, but it is for the many planeloads of patients arriving every week of the year from elsewhere in the world.

It is estimated that Budapest dental treatment can be 40-70% cheaper than in the UK or Ireland. There is still the cost of travel and accommodation to factor in, but even so, people who are having expensive treatments such as dental implants and multiple veneers are making significant savings.

The Budapest dental tourism package holiday

People want to have as little to worry about as possible when they come to the Budapest dentist, so it’s good to look for an all-inclusive trip. Some dental clinics have long-standing relationships with accommodation providers in Budapest, and will also collect and deliver patients to and from the airport and the clinic for treatment.

Some Dental Terms Explained

Patient holding a dental implant modelA trip to a dentist in Mackay can sometimes feel like a biology lesson. Dentists sometimes use terms that are unfamiliar to everyday people, creating confusion and concern.

Not every dentist in Mackay is likely to confuse patients with terminology. Practices such as Northern Beaches Dental in Mackay will take time to explain anything the patient isn’t sure about. Just in case though, here are some explanations of common dental terms.

Gingivitis or periodontitis

These two terms refer to gum disease. Gingivitis is the early stage of the disease, recognisable by bleeding when brushing and red, swollen gums. Periodontitis is more serious, and causes the gums to pull away from the teeth. Anyone who suspects either type of gum disease should see a dentist in Mackay.

Occlusion and Malocclusion

Occlusion is the technical term for the patient’s bite – the contact between upper and lower teeth. Malocclusion is where the bite is misaligned, caused by the positioning of the jaw. This is something that can be corrected by being fitted with braces at a dentist in Mackay.

Plaque, calculus and tartar

Plaque is a sticky film that forms on the teeth, and the main cause of decay. When a dentist in Mackaymentions tartar or calculus, they are referring to the same thing – a hard residue on the teeth that is caused by a build-up of plaque. It can be removed by a dentist or hygienist.


This is the technical term for grinding of the teeth or clenching of the jaw. The problem is often caused by stress and can lead to other issues such as headaches, wearing of teeth and jaw disorders. It can be difficult to be aware of as it often happens during sleep. Anyone who wakes up with a headache and stiff jaw should visit their dentist as there are a few solutions.

Types of teeth

Most people have heard the words incisors and molars but may not be sure which teeth they refer to. Incisors are the thinner teeth at the front of the mouth. Either side sit the pointed teeth called canines. Then come the premolars, the first molar teeth to form, around age 12 years, followed by the molars, the flat, chewing teeth.

Woman eating a green apple

Best and Worst Foods for Teeth

Woman eating a green appleProper nutrition is an essential part of a good oral care routine. Diets that are low in essential nutrients and high in sugars can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. Sugary foods in particular are a problem as they lead to the accumulation of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums, which speeds up deterioration of the tooth enamel due to the acids released by the bacteria.

Although some foods are directly responsible for tooth decay and gum disease, others can help prevent it. Patients who wish to achieve the best oral hygiene care possible should consult a skilled dentist in Kings Hill, such as One Smile Oral Care. Here are some foods to eat and some to avoid for great oral health.

Cheese and dairy products

People who adore cheese and dairy, now have another reason to eat them. Cheese, milk and yoghurt contain calcium and protein, which are responsible for strengthening the tooth enamel. Moreover, studies have shown that the consumption of dairy decreases the pH in the mouth, therefore reducing the risk of tooth decay. A dentist in Kings Hill will therefore recommend foods rich in calcium as part of a balanced diet.

Fruit and vegetables

Fruit and vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber and as the dentist in Kings Hill will tell patients, they help keep the whole body healthy. General health is linked to dental health, with conditions such as heart disease and diabetes known to affect oral health. This makes fruit and vegetables a natural ally against dental decay and gum disease.

Sweets and candy

Sweets and candy are hard to resist, whether someone is 5 or 50. Unfortunately they are an attractive feast for the bacteria that live in patients’ mouths. They feast on the sugars, release acid and as a result erode the tooth enamel and inflame the gums. Try to keep these sweet treats to a minimum.

The skinny on Invisible Braces in Clapham

invisalign alignerNow that there are so many easy ways to get teeth straightened, it seems that it’s no longer acceptable for people to have wonky teeth. Hardly any young adults seem to have misaligned teeth, and if they do, they are on the lookout for invisible braces in Clapham to get them fixed as soon as they can.

Invisible braces in Clapham come in various forms and some are more invisible than others. The point is that they are not heavy-duty metal braces and therefore far more acceptable socially on an adult, metal braces being forever associated with being an awkward adolescent, it seems. Invisible braces are available from good dentists, such as Clapham South Dental Centre.

Because invisible braces only work on mild to moderate misalignment issues, it’s not unusual for them to be available from a general dentist who has done a training course with the manufacturer. This is because with this kind of braces, the dentist does the measuring but the measurements are then sent to the manufacturer, who does all the calculations of what angle and directions the teeth need to move in order to line up properly.

People with more severe or complex alignment issues may not be able to have invisible braces in Clapham for the beginning of their treatment, but when it comes to the latter part of their treatment, they may be able to move from metal braces to the less embarrassing invisible braces.

Lingual braces

However, if the alignment issues are that bad, then there is a kind of invisible braces in Clapham that can be used throughout treatment. These are called lingual braces. They are bracket and wires braces that are fixed to the tongue side of the teeth rather than the cheek side. They are hidden away behind the teeth and cannot be seen at all.

Clear aligners

A popular choice of invisible braces in Claphamis clear aligners. These look like very thin, transparent mouth guards and have bumps and ridges inside them that press on the teeth to move them. The great thing about clear aligners is that they can be taken out for eating and cleaning.

When standing out from the crowd isn’t an option

Woman with braces at a dental checkupBuck teeth are one reason Freddie Mercury is remembered fondly. They not only stood out from his mouth, they made him stand out from the crowd and his vocal range was actually enhanced because of the reverberation from his teeth. For lesser mortals who do not have such bravery or talents however, buck teeth can be a significant factor in confidence and feelings of wellbeing. Since no one is as brave as James Bond icon Richard Kiel either, train track braces can also be a major factor in avoiding treatment. So, what do people do when they have buck teeth but can’t face metal braces? Mental images of braces are as frozen in time as both these 70s icons, in Garforth braces no longer bring attention but correct and enhance misalignment with invisibility.

In Garforth braces are the new stars of the dental world, correcting overbites, resolving misalignment and straightening buck teeth. Clear aligners, tooth coloured braces, and braces fitted to the backs of teeth are all options. Dentists such as Enhancedental can assess suitability for each option and ensure the correct style of invisible brace is selected for the issue.

The cost of braces in Garforth

Most people don’t have the deep pockets either of movie stars, so it’s worth noting that most dentists now offer payment plans or low interest loans that means while Hollywood smiles are being created, Hollywood bank accounts are not required.

Why braces pay for themselves

The time and cost of resolving wonky teeth is worth it in the end as there are significant health benefits from straighter teeth, so it’s not just a cosmetic fix.

  1. Straight teeth are easier to clean: braces bring alignment and therefore remove gaps in teeth. It means cleaning is easier and reduces bacterial attack.
  2. Straight teeth are usually healthier: due to the reduction in bacteria from good cleaning, gum disease is reduced, and overall oral health improved.
  3. Straight teeth look great and improve confidence: confidence is significantly enhanced when teeth are straight, leaving patients to feel proud of their smile.

Whilst braces in Garforth won’t automatically provide entry to the red carpet, it’s true to say they will enhance appearance and overall oral health.

Patient holding a dental implant model

What to Expect from a Dental Implant Consultation

Patient holding a dental implant modelFor people who are missing one tooth or many teeth, dental implants in Sydney CBD are a good solution. However, many people are still unsure about this relatively new dental technology. They are expensive and it’s not something that can be undone once they have been fitted, so it is best for patients to make sure they have all the available information before making an informed decision.

Many practices offer dental implants in Sydney CBD, including Spa Dental Sydney CBD. When booking a consultation for dental implant work, the patient should make sure they ask any questions they have and that they understand everything they are being told.

Questions asked and answered

Dental implant teeth modelAt a consultation for dental implants in Sydney CBD, the patient can expect to be asked lots of questions about their medical history, their lifestyle and their habits. It is important to answer these questions honestly. The dentist will also ask them about how they want their smile to look at the end of treatment.

This is also a good opportunity for the patient to ask their own questions. How long will the treatment take, are there any restrictions, will it be painful, how long does healing take – all good things to ask the dentist.

X-rays and photographs

The consultation will involve x-rays and photographs being taken, as the dentist needs to assess the state of the teeth, gums and jawbone. It is essential that the jawbone has enough integrity to support the implants, and the dentist may discuss the possibility of bone grafts if the jawbone has receded too much.

Pre-implant treatments

After examining the patient’s teeth, the dentist may decide they need other treatments before being fitted with dental implants in Sydney CBD. A few sessions with a hygienist may be required. Some dentists will not fit implants to patients who smoke, so this may be a good opportunity to kick the habit.

Treatment plan

Once all the patient’s questions are answered and the examination is complete, the dentist will put together a treatment plan. This will include details of the options available and pricing information. The patient can then go away and think before deciding whether to go ahead with dental implants in Sydney CBD.